Clinical Measurement Ontology (CMO)
Enhancing the ability to standardize phenotype nomenclature
The Clinical Measurement Ontology (CMO) is designed to be used to standardize morphological and physiological measurement records generated from clinical and model organism research and health programs.
The CMO was developed at the Rat Genome Database (rgd.mcw.edu) to encompass qualitative or quantitative values that result from the assessment of a morphological or physiological state or property of single or groups of individuals/samples. Terms relevant to livestock were contributed by Iowa State University incorporating terms from the Animal Trait Ontology (ATO). This project is aimed at enhancing the ability to standardize phenotype nomenclature across species. This will undoubtedly help the animal genome community by facilitating the transfer of genomics information from some well-studied species.
Access the data:
(Version: 2.192 with 3,889 terms, updated on Sep 25, 2023)
Shimoyama M, Nigam R, McIntosh LS, Nagarajan R, Rice T, Rao DC, Dwinell MR (2012).
Three ontologies to define phenotype measurement data. Front Genet. 3:87.
USA · USDA · NAGRP · Bioinformatics Coordination Program.